In the Pontifical Council for Culture’s working paper, cardinals noted that going under the knife for elective surgery has been linked to eating disorders and depression.

‘Plastic surgery that is not medico-therapeutic can be aggressive toward the feminine identity, showing a refusal of the body in as much as it is a refusal of the ‘season’ that is being lived out,’ it said. 

The members of the Pontifical Council also warned over the ‘indiscriminate and undifferentiated’ objectification of women in the media and advertising.

‘No political or social battle has been able to do without a mechanism so profoundly rooted as that of the exploitation of the female body for commercial benefit,’ the working paper said.