People with “grandiose” narcissism — defined in the dictionary as “pompous superiority or pretentiousness” may achieve mental toughness, a form of resilience that could be protective, said lead author Kostas Papageorgiou, an assistant professor of psychology at Queen’s University in Belfast.

They gain this mental toughness by overcoming the challenges they face as they attempt to “gain access to the resources that they think they deserve,” he said.

“Our work suggests that, at least some aspects of narcissism, may help individuals to show resilience against certain types of psychopathology, namely, symptoms of depression and perceived stress,” Papageorgiou said.