The researchers could not find any one gene linked with same-sex sexual behavior. Five genetic variants did appear significantly linked to sexual orientation, and thousands more also seemed involved to a lesser extent.

In the end, the scientists could not find any genetic patterns that could be used, in any way, to identify a person’s sexual orientation. Instead, the predisposition to same-sex sexual behavior appeared influenced by a complex mix of genetic and environmental influences. That’s also the case for many other human traits, such as height.

“It’s effectively impossible to predict an individual’s sexual behavior from their genome,” study co-author Ben Neale, a statistical geneticist at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, told Live Science.