Many Trump opponents were shocked and disappointed by Trump-Russia special counsel Robert Mueller’s conclusion that “the investigation did not establish that members of the Trump campaign conspired or coordinated with the Russian government in its election interference activities.” Some members of the Resistance and Never Trump communities apparently had a deep emotional commitment to the idea of collusion.

But there was no reason for surprise. For more than a year, Mueller sent sign after sign that he would not allege collusion. Those signs took the form of indictments and plea agreements against key Trump figures that did not allege any conspiracy or coordination between the Trump campaign and Russia to fix the 2016 election.

If those key Trump figures — Paul Manafort, Rick Gates, Michael Flynn, Michael Cohen, and others — were not involved in a Trump-Russia conspiracy, who was? As it turns out, no one.