But the second question still remains: Did any Americans — including Trump campaign members — knowingly take part in the Russian misconduct? And as with the first Russia charges, this indictment leaves that question unanswered. When announcing the indictment, Deputy Attorney General Rod J. Rosenstein was careful to note that it does not allege that any Americans knowingly participated in these crimes. The White House was also quick to point out that the indictment does not claim that members of the president’s campaign were involved.

But as Rosenstein also noted, Mueller’s investigation continues. And if Mueller does have evidence of American involvement in any of the Russian wrongdoing, that would be the logical next shoe to drop. Although no Americans are charged in this indictment, there is plenty of evidence that a number at the very least benefited from these Russians’ efforts. For example, the indictment charges that the hackers, posing as Guccifer 2.0, sent stolen documents to a candidate for Congress that related to the candidate’s opponent. Guccifer 2.0 also allegedly sent stolen data concerning Democratic donors to a state lobbyist and sent documents about Black Lives Matter to a journalist. Perhaps most important, the indictment charges that Guccifer 2.0 offered assistance to a person — widely assumed to be longtime Trump confidant Roger Stone — who was in “regular contact with senior members” of the Trump campaign.