Merkel was caught between an extreme leftist party that is more concerned about destroying Germany’s national character than it is about limiting carbon emissions, and a conservative small party that drew votes by fighting Merkel on immigration. And Merkel’s Bavarian partners, the Christian Social Union, face a voter revolt over immigration that might cost them their majority in their home state in next year’s state elections.

Unlike many of my conservative friends, I thought Merkel the lesser evil (“A deplorable vote for Angela Merkel,” February 2017). Merkel is an American ally; whoever might replace her will be more eager to cut deals with Russia. Perhaps at some future date the Alternative für Deutschland might become part of a natural majority along with the Christian Democrats and Free Democrats, but it first needs to purge leaders like its Vice-Chairman Alexander Gauland, a Putin crony who thinks Americans are “a people thrown together at random without their own culture.” There are some very good people in the second-tier leadership of the Alternative party, but they have their work cut out for them.