In meetings, he has been apt to criticize legislative leaders, including Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R., Ky.), for taking a summer recess with so much unfinished business, and to complain of betrayals by GOP lawmakers whose votes he thought were locked in, White House aides said.

One senior White House official described an Oval Office meeting in which Mr. Trump said to him: “What’s wrong with you Republicans?” The official said of Mr. Trump: “Every time I’m in there, he’s like, ‘The Senate can’t get anything done. Why isn’t Mitch working? Why did they go home?’”…

“They’re the only two people who came to the meeting with a deal to be made,” a White House aide said of Mrs. Pelosi and Mr. Schumer. “This is on the other guys,” the official said, in a reference to Mr. McConnell and Mr. Ryan.