A majority of white Americans see the Confederate flag as a sign of Southern pride, while nearly two-thirds of African-Americans see it as a sign of racism. The racial gap is especially large in the South. By 62% to 28%, Southern whites say the flag is a symbol of Southern pride; by 68% to 9%, Southern blacks say it is a symbol of racism.

There has, however, been a change in how Americans view the Stars and Bars over the years. In 1992, the Gallup Organization found 69% calling the flag a symbol of Southern pride, 26 points higher than say so today. Just 22% said it was a symbol of racism in 1992.