Freshmen Obama Republicans were noticeably silent on social and culture war issues. Specifically, they avoided mentioning gun control, abortion and same-sex marriage.

The same divide appeared when we compared all Obama Republicans to the rest of the caucus. Most Obama Republicans did not volunteer any position on abortion or gun control, but over two-thirds of Republicans from safer GOP districts clearly opposed gun control legislation and signaled – through their explicit positions and endorsements from “Right to Life” groups – that they were pro-life.