“The implications for an emotionless society are significant,” wrote Jon Clifton, a partner at Gallup and director of the Gallup Government Group. “To continue to be competitive in today’s world, Singapore must begin focusing on behavioral-based indicators that move beyond GDP.

“The bottom line is that Singaporeans are productive, highly disciplined citizens who are not enjoying their lives much,” he wrote in an accompanying article for the Gallup Business Journal. “This culture has won historically, but it will not move to the next level until its leadership takes wellbeing seriously.”

Trailing right behind Singapore were nearly half of the 15 former Soviet republics: Georgia and Lithuania, with 37%; and Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, with 38%.