Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said unrestricted access to the Internet will be a top foreign-policy priority and criticized China and other nations for restricting access…

In one new initiative, the State Department plans to offer financial support to grass-roots movements that promote Internet freedom, Mr. Ross said.

Mrs. Clinton also hopes to diminish the “honor” beatings and killings of women in the Middle East by family members who discover they are using social media on the Internet, such as Facebook or Twitter, he said.

Mrs. Clinton sees Internet freedom as critical to America’s longstanding promotion of democracy abroad, Mr. Ross added. She aims to shrink the proportion of the global population, now 30%, who live in countries that censor the Internet, he said.