Estimating the number of illegal immigrants who might get stimulus payments

During the debate over the Covid relief bill Sen. Durbin (D-Ill.) stated that “Undocumented immigrants do not have Social Security numbers, and they do not qualify for stimulus relief checks.” This is incorrect; we estimate that there are 2.65 million illegal immigrants who have Social Security numbers that allow them to receive stimulus checks. We estimate that 2.1 million of these individuals have incomes low enough to qualify for checks, and they have 1.1 million U.S.-born dependent children. As a result, illegal immigrants could receive an estimated $4.38 billion in cash payments from the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021.