Experts say masturbating in front of women without their permission is typically about exerting control, not an attempt at seduction.

“Exhibitionism is not about sex. It’s about purposely provoking shock and fear in a female,” said sex therapist Dr. Alexandra Katehakis, clinical director of the Center for Healthy Sex in Los Angeles, who has not treated Louis C.K. “The shock on a woman’s face that he’s torturing is where the arousal lies. It’s in her humiliation.”