Here’s a selection, courtesy of CRS, of the government functions that will be spared when the cuts take effect on Friday:

“Social Security benefits (old-age, survivors, and disability) and Tier 1 Railroad Retirement benefits.
All programs administered by the VA, and special benefits for certain World War II veterans.
Net interest (budget function 900). [That is, interest payments on the federal debt.]
Payments to individuals in the form of refundable tax credits.
Unobligated balances, carried over from prior years, for nondefense programs.