“The biggest challenge is of course illiteracy, ignorance and the ability of groups that use religion to taint the image of all the civil parties by labeling them atheists or against religion,” said Emad Gad, a leading member of the Egyptian Social Democratic Party, a liberal group that is trying to organize.

“We are trying to form a large, strong coalition before the elections,” Mr. Gad said in an interview. He added that the coalition should unite “all the powers in support of a civil state based on citizenship and equality.”…

“I fear that there would be a Parliament in the coming September that is not a real representation of the nation,” Mohamed ElBaradei, former head of the International Atomic Energy Agency and a presidential contender, said in an interview with the newspaper Al-Masry Al-Youm.