Following the Mumbai massacre, carried out by the Pakistan-based jihadist group Lashkar-e-Taiba, the U.S. had to work hard to restrain India from retaliating by bombing facilities in Pakistan used by the various Kashmir jihadist groups long cultivated by Pakistani intelligence — mindful of the danger that such an action could provoke a war between the nuclear-armed neighbors. But if Western cities were the target of a successful strike, it would be NATO that would be under pressure to respond. Indeed, according to Bob Woodward’s book Obama’s Wars, Obama’s National Security Adviser General Jim Jones told Pakistan’s President Asif Ali Zardari that if Faisal Shahzad (the Pakistani-American sentenced to life imprisonment in New York City on Tuesday) had succeeded in his attempt to bomb Times Square last year, the U.S. “would [have] been forced to do things Pakistan would not like.” Woodward wrote that retribution would entail the bombing of “up to 150 known terrorist safe havens inside Pakistan.” If Jones’ warning, as reported by Woodward, is to be taken seriously, it’s not hard to deduce that a series of attacks in Europe that emanate from Pakistan would force a similar response.