Obama’s “Power Africa” plan: What happens when good intentions meet political-economic reality?

posted at 2:41 pm on July 2, 2013 by Erika Johnsen

In South Africa on Sunday, President Obama touted a “new model” of United States-Africa relations, vowing to help boost the continent economically, strengthen democracy, and etcetera.

One of the central components to this promise of improved ties was an ostensible plan to not simply continue to throw foreign aid at the largely economically beleaguered continent, but to “invest” billions of dollars in helping along Africa’s energy infrastructure and bringing electricity to more and more Africans, via The Hill:

President Obama promoted his new, multi-billion dollar “Power Africa” initiative to expand electricity access in Africa on Tuesday, calling it a benefit to Africans and the U.S. alike.

He spoke in Tanzania after touring a formerly idled power plant brought online with aid from the U.S. government’s Millennium Challenge Corp., as well as General Electric and Symbion Power.

“[T]his is a win-win. It’s a win for Africans – families get to electrify their homes; businesses can run their plants; investors can say if we locate in an African country, that they’re going to be able to power up in a reliable way. All this will make economies grow,” Obama said, according to a White House transcript.

“It’s a win for the United States because the investments made here, including in cleaner energy, means more exports for the U.S. and more jobs in the U.S.,” he said.

Here are some of the details from the White House’s official fact sheet on the plan, with the initial partner countries including Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, and Tanzania:

Power Africa will bring to bear a wide range of U.S. government tools to support investment in Africa’s energy sector.  From policy and regulatory best practices, to pre-feasibility support and capacity building, to long-term financing, insurance, guarantees, credit enhancements and technical assistance Power Africa will provide coordinated support to help African partners expand their generation capacity and access.

The United States will commit more than $7 billion in financial support over the next five years to this effort, including:

The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) will provide $285 million in technical assistance, grants and risk mitigation to advance private sector energy transactions and help governments adopt and implement the policy, regulatory, and other reforms necessary to attract private sector investment in the energy and power sectors.

The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) will commit up to $1.5 billion in financing and insurance to energy projects in sub-Saharan Africa.

The U.S. Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im) will make available up to $5 billion in support of U.S. exports for the development of power projects across sub-Saharan Africa.

The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) will invest up to $1 billion in African power systems through its country compacts to increase access and the reliability and sustainability of electricity supply through investments in energy infrastructure, policy and regulatory reforms and institutional capacity building.

OPIC and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA) will provide up to $20 million in project preparation, feasibility and technical assistance grants to develop renewable energy projects.  These efforts will be coordinated through the U.S. – Africa Clean Energy Finance Initiative (US-ACEF) and supported by the recently launched U.S. – Africa Clean Energy Development and Finance Center (CEDFC) in Johannesburg, South Africa. …

Hmmm. On the one hand, it is absolutely true that crushing energy poverty is obviously a hugely problematic economic barrier for Africa. It is impossible to match the level of economic productivity and living standards of the developed world when a huge chunk of your already meager cost of living goes toward energy, if you are even lucky enough to have energy access beyond inefficient and labor-intensive sources like candles, kerosene, charcoal, or firewood.

But on the other, much more questionable hand, I firstly have the gravest doubts that the Obama administration is going to use the lion’s share of this proffered money to elevate the proven routes to prosperity with inexpensive and efficient oil and gas energy, and will not instead be spending a lot of that cash on the romanticized renewable ventures that are having trouble taking hold even in the economically developed United States and Europe without skyrocketing energy prices. Environmentalists often have a deplorable tendency for trying to turn third-world countries into laboratories for their green ambitions while denying them the known means of affordable energy.

Secondly, merely building up energy infrastructure, using U.S. government incentives to spur private-sector investment, and helping out with regulatory and administrative duties might help alleviate some of the symptoms of Africa’s energy problems, but it not the same thing as curing the disease — i.e., why has there been so relatively little private-sector investment in many parts of Africa until now? Parts of this plan might be a start and the situation has been improving in recent years, but the political conditions — such as poorly enforced property rights, corruption, and patchy enforcement of the rule of law — that have deterred investment up until now are not going to be suddenly and magically solved by the United States’ monetary interference.

What’s more, this sounds like yet another convenient opportunity for the Obama administration to throw a bone to their cronyish business buddies while flying beneath the banner of a purely magnanimously charitable job well done, and largely out-of-sight, out-of-mind of regular U.S. consumers and voters.

General Electric will be perhaps the biggest beneficiary of that $7 billion in U.S. taxpayer funds that Obama says will underwrite Power Africa. The lion’s share of the $7 billion appears to be directed by the U.S. Export-Import Bank, which will “make available $5 billion in support of U.S. exports for the development of power projects.” This doesn’t mean that Ex-Im is spending or investing those $5 billions, rather the job of the Ex-Im bank is to help finance trading opportunities that private sector lenders are not willing to take a risk on. As Ex-Im describes its mission: “We assume credit and country risks that the private sector is unable or unwilling to accept. We also help to level the playing field for U.S. exporters by matching the financing that other governments provide to their exporters.”

G.E. CEO Jeffrey Immelt, who until early this year chaired the president’s Council on Jobs and Effectiveness, will clearly appreciate a financial backstop from Uncle Sam. Federal guarantees will reduce G.E. financial risks in Africa and will help it compete better against Chinese companies, which have been falling over themselves to invest in Africa.


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If we had any real politicians on our side, they would be ridiculing Obama mercilessly for promoting soccer ball power.

faraway on July 2, 2013 at 2:48 PM

Propping up dictators. The new American Way.

I thought Obama hated European imperialism and the robbing of Africa. Why does he think American imperialism would be any better? It’s axiomatic that any place or institution accepting US government money gets stuck with US government regulations.

Liam on July 2, 2013 at 2:49 PM

Meanwhile, he cut the funding to fight AIDS there…I’m sure that will be ignored by the Left, though.

changer1701 on July 2, 2013 at 2:49 PM

What happens when good intentions meet political-economic reality?

Talk about giving someone the benefit of the doubt.

itsnotaboutme on July 2, 2013 at 2:51 PM

Just keep giving away that newly printed up Fed funny money…

PatriotRider on July 2, 2013 at 2:52 PM

What happens when good intentions meet political-economic reality?

At this point, I turn off the alarm clock, get up and go pee.

The dream is over, time to start living.

BobMbx on July 2, 2013 at 2:52 PM

I thought Obama hated European imperialism and the robbing of Africa. Why does he think American imperialism would be any better?

Liam on July 2, 2013 at 2:49 PM

He also hates the US for taking over his home state of Hawaii.

itsnotaboutme on July 2, 2013 at 2:53 PM

An REA for Africa!
Will that include secret Swiss bank-accounts for the Poo-Bahs?

Another Drew on July 2, 2013 at 2:56 PM

General Electric will be perhaps the biggest beneficiary of that $7 billion in U.S. taxpayer funds that Obama says will underwrite Power Africa.

GE already pays little to no corporate taxes, thanks to a sweetheart deal for their Obama-donor CEO.

itsnotaboutme on July 2, 2013 at 2:57 PM

The Continent of Africa is loaded with natural resources that have been untapped wth the exception of easy to get at oil in costal areas. Some estimates put the amount of recoverable coal on the continent of Africa equal with the US or China. Most of the continent has never been explored for oil or coal. There is most likely a tremendous amount of both waiting to be discovered.

And the UN and Obama are going to lock that away from them for the foreseeable future.

Johnnyreb on July 2, 2013 at 2:58 PM

Isn’t this the same speech where he told Africans if they wanted Cars and Air Conditioning that the planet would burn up?

Where does Obama get this money?

workingclass artist on July 2, 2013 at 2:58 PM

Did spomeone look under the seat cushions in the oval office? Find an extra $7Billion lying around and figured, heh, why not throw it around in Africa.

Bizzaro world.

D-fusit on July 2, 2013 at 3:00 PM

I thought Obama hated European imperialism and the robbing of Africa. Why does he think American imperialism would be any better?

Liam on July 2, 2013 at 2:49 PM

He also hates the US for taking over his home state of Hawaii.

itsnotaboutme on July 2, 2013 at 2:53 PM

Obama hates the US for _____________________________
Fill in the blank

workingclass artist on July 2, 2013 at 3:01 PM

Did spomeone look under the seat cushions in the oval office? Find an extra $7Billion lying around and figured, heh, why not throw it around in Africa.

Bizzaro world.

D-fusit on July 2, 2013 at 3:00 PM

He’ll only help those African countries that are Pro-Gay and Pro-Abortion.

workingclass artist on July 2, 2013 at 3:02 PM

So does this new energy come wind, solar, or just hot air from a wind bag…?

Kuffar on July 2, 2013 at 3:02 PM

This plan is also tailor-made for liberals like Tingles to scream racism against any who oppose it.

Liam on July 2, 2013 at 3:03 PM

Obama hates the US for _____________________________
Fill in the blank

workingclass artist on July 2, 2013 at 3:01 PM

“existing”

BobMbx on July 2, 2013 at 3:03 PM

If we had any real politicians on our side, they would be ridiculing Obama mercilessly for promoting soccer ball power.

faraway on July 2, 2013 at 2:48 PM

He once again shows us his athletic prowess, lol.

http://www.weeklystandard.com/blogs/obama-plans-power-africa-soccer-balls_738193.html

Fallon on July 2, 2013 at 3:06 PM

Green energy for Africa?

Calling all hamsters: All hamsters, report to your treadmills ASAP.

petefrt on July 2, 2013 at 3:07 PM

This plan is also tailor-made for liberals like Tingles to scream racism against any who oppose it.

Liam on July 2, 2013 at 3:03 PM

By golly I think your on to something here.

D-fusit on July 2, 2013 at 3:07 PM

Looking at that list of alphabet-soup agencies, I couldn’t help but think we’d be better off there were outright eliminated. Even the name “Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC)” just screams “unaccountable slush fund”.

cthulhu on July 2, 2013 at 3:08 PM

Most of the continent has never been explored for oil or coal. There is most likely a tremendous amount of both waiting to be discovered.

Johnnyreb on July 2, 2013 at 2:58 PM

Yep.

But, there is some production already underway. In Mozambique, Rio Tinto and another major energy company are developing coal fields in the Tete area. The reserves are huge.

Also, natural gas discoveries off of the coast are being developed. But the infrastructure needed to move forward is several years away.

BacaDog on July 2, 2013 at 3:10 PM

so in other words, yet another speech from Zer0 where he says “I AM god! Therefore, you shall get whatever I say you will get! Today is Tuesday, so you shall get electricity! Thank you, thank you…praise me.”

kirkill on July 2, 2013 at 3:10 PM

Isn’t this the same speech where he told Africans if they wanted Cars and Air Conditioning that the planet would burn up?

Where does Obama get this money?

workingclass artist on July 2, 2013 at 2:58 PM

From us, of course. More punishment for “Yankee imperialism” and slavery.

It would be most entertaining if he would bill those who started the entire trade in black African slaves to begin with. By raiding the interior, and selling their captives to Portuguese and other European traders.

Hint; They came from the north and east of Africa, but not across the Med.

clear ether

eon

eon on July 2, 2013 at 3:13 PM

If we had any real politicians on our side, they would be ridiculing Obama mercilessly for promoting soccer ball power.

faraway on July 2, 2013 at 2:48 PM

-
I’ve been reading a lot about this kind of human energy harvesting for the last year or so in the engineering mags I get at work. Floors, doors, stairs… what ever people move or put their weight on can potentially have some energy harvested from it.

They are always touted as an ‘awesome way to add another energy source.’ But most of these tricks are not cost effective, and the amount of energy produced is minimal.

The ball will provide a trickle even when compared to a $100 solar panel…

It’s just a gimmick… That’s why Obama thinks it’s so cool… He can relate to it.

RalphyBoy on July 2, 2013 at 3:14 PM

Obama wants to spend billions of our dollars to enable folks to build cattle dung furnaces to power generators to supply electricity to recharge the batteries in the free Obamaphones Obama has promised…and to pay off a lot of political cronies who weren’t far enough along in line last time Obama was giving away free “green” energy money…is that how it works?

The other aspect Obama just cannot figure out…there is no single Africa…it is comprised of about 57 countries or so, and they do not get along. They all, rightly so, are far more concerned about what is best for them, today, now, immediately,than waste time and money (their money) on any sort of Pan-African brotherhood…if they did, well, they’d be a heck of a lot better off today. By the way, the disparity between super rich and super poor on the African continent? Check it out sometime…depressing. What Obama spent on his African Safari could take care of the needs of over half the countries in Africa for a good long time…putz.

Doesn’t this foreign aid request have to go through the House of Representatives first?

Or is Obama using his private stash he skimmed from that Stimulus thing?

coldwarrior on July 2, 2013 at 3:15 PM

I thought Carter was an embarrassment. Obama is Carter to the 10th power.

natasha333 on July 2, 2013 at 3:15 PM

I see a flaw in the “Socket Ball”, as the kids kick the balls and generate electricity, they will soon move inside to play the video games of kids kicking soccer balls, and it will all implode.

$7 Billion? Shoot, why not $7 Trillion? Same thing to Zer0, just words.

kirkill on July 2, 2013 at 3:16 PM

King Obama, known as an idiot on all seven continents.

fogw on July 2, 2013 at 3:18 PM

Obama’s legacy….

A lot of hot air and wasting trillions we don’t have.
Making his cronies, supporters and insiders rich.

Lets hope the next president cleans house.

losarkos on July 2, 2013 at 3:21 PM

Meg. Till Africa cleans up on corruption that money will be wasted. Even in the 60s and 70s we had electricity in Africa. but power kept going out cause someone was stealing the cables. Then it’d take like forever to get the gubmint electric company to get it restrung not to mention lackadaisical maintenance of the power stations. And on it goes.

AH_C on July 2, 2013 at 3:21 PM

Parts of this plan might be a start and the situation has been improving in recent years, but the political conditions — such as poorly enforced property rights, corruption, and patchy enforcement of the rule of law — that have deterred investment up until now are not going to be suddenly and magically solved by the United States’ monetary interference.

This is the same reason why Mexico, despite having a willing workforce, access to 2 coasts, massive amounts of oil & natural resources, etc. has, in many parts, become a Socialist failed-narco state.

It’s a cultural problem. The only thing that would help is increased economic liberty with strictly enforced property rights, the rule of law applied equally to all, etc. But if their culture rejects these things, then there is no hope. Only propping up failed states with American “aid.”

Think about it: is any private sector business going to “invest” in any country if the threat of nationalizing, theft, corrupt judges/politicians exists? No. They’ll take their capital somewhere else.

Lower and middle-income families hardest hit, as usual.

visions on July 2, 2013 at 3:22 PM

What happens when good intentions meet political-economic reality?

Talk about giving someone the benefit of the doubt.

itsnotaboutme on July 2, 2013 at 2:51 PM

That’s one of the accepted Hot Air boilerplates among the posters here.
.
The “noble intentions” scam is a common theme for HA writers.
.
Another accepted media brainwash meme accepted and proclaimed here is that “Hillary is smart and experienced”.

Dr. Carlo Lombardi on July 2, 2013 at 3:22 PM

Good intentions?

Really?

The (putative) son of a virulent African Anti-colonialist has turned himself into a more arrogant and less effective version of Leopold II.

LegendHasIt on July 2, 2013 at 3:23 PM

The Chinese have no problems bribing their way into the countries of Africa.

albill on July 2, 2013 at 3:26 PM

Yep, lets just keep writing those overdraft checks.

DDay on July 2, 2013 at 3:27 PM

Meanwhile, he cut the funding to fight AIDS there…I’m sure that will be ignored by the Left, though.

changer1701 on July 2, 2013 at 2:49 PM

No, they won’t ignore that, they’ll just try to blame it on BUSH.

UltimateBob on July 2, 2013 at 3:27 PM

The Chinese have no problems bribing their way into the countries of Africa.

albill on July 2, 2013 at 3:26 PM

How dare they!

DarkCurrent on July 2, 2013 at 3:29 PM

The Ulsterman Report calls this a Seven Billion Money Laundering Scheme!

http://theulstermanreport.com/2013/06/30/barack-obamas-7-billion-dollar-african-money-laundering-scheme/

Rovin on July 2, 2013 at 3:29 PM

The Chinese have no problems bribing their way into the countries of Africa.

albill on July 2, 2013 at 3:26 PM

Why should they? America is still footing the bill. China has a direct buy source of T-bills straight out of Bernanke’s office.

DDay on July 2, 2013 at 3:30 PM

When you think about it, Obama is essentially being neo-colonialist about all of this.

Fromthe trappings of his ostentatious huge entourage and expensive “safari”…spending more than the combined annual GNP of most Africans countries, to his basically telling Africa “you can’t build that on your own, you are going to need our [massa's] help”…and thus turning all nations involved into wards of a global nanny state to an even larger degree.

The overseers will steal most of the money, the poor will steal whatever is not bolted down…and in a year or so, there will be a choice to be made…continue the nanny aid or ruthlessly in the manner of Genghis Khan cut Africa off at the pockets.

Neo-colonialism…

Yep.

coldwarrior on July 2, 2013 at 3:33 PM

Obama’s intentions are evil.

sauldalinsky on July 2, 2013 at 3:41 PM

Resist We Much on July 2, 2013 at 3:34 PM

There’s a solar panel plant about 8 miles from here…Biden has been there a few times, Secretary Chu stopped by, a lot…touted as one of the most modern, high-tech, solar energy products plants around…evah.

Shutting down at the end of the month. In default. Owes the feds, the state, and the county, a lot more than the property and buildings and machinery will ever be worth…but the execs? They got their “fair” share long ago. The workers? Not so much.

coldwarrior on July 2, 2013 at 3:41 PM

Resist We Much on July 2, 2013 at 3:34 PM

If you remember the classic ‘Romance of Three Kingdoms’ you’ll recognize the strategy.

DarkCurrent on July 2, 2013 at 3:42 PM

Obama: Hey, we’ve got great new power for Africa: Solyndra solar panels and Fisker Karmas!

Power Africa will bring to bear a wide range of U.S. government tools to support investment in Africa’s energy sector. From policy and regulatory best practices, to pre-feasibility support and capacity building, to long-term financing, insurance, guarantees, credit enhancements and technical assistance Power Africa will provide coordinated support to help African partners expand their generation capacity and access.

Just what the Africans need, regulatory practices Obama style. From the guy who killed the electric power industry in the US with greenhouse gas regulations, and won’t allow us to import oil from Canada. Power Africa is likely to be a herd of camels on a treadmill.

Steve Z on July 2, 2013 at 3:47 PM

Obama’s “Power Africa” plan

Great, yet another money-laundering scam.

Dr. ZhivBlago on July 2, 2013 at 3:48 PM

‘Ultimately, if you think about all the youth that everybody has mentioned here in Africa, if everybody is raising living standards to the point where everybody has got a car and everybody has got air conditioning, and everybody has got a big house, well, the planet will boil over — unless we find new ways of producing energy.

Why does Barack Obama hate black people?

Why is Barack Obama always working to ‘keep the black man down’?

Why does Barack Obama want Africans to sweat, drive crappy putt-putt cars, and live in a dirt hut like his brother, George?

How did we get an idiot as President that goes to Africa with three goals:

1. Swipe some of Nelson Mandela’s dying light.

2. Wrap himself in the whole Goree inaccuracy.

3. And try to sell windmills, solar panels, and HomoSex to a desperately poor continent that could care less about Ted & Ed’s wedding registry or the international, global swindle of carbon credits.

The dude is a fracking national global galactic FAILURE.

Resist We Much on July 2, 2013 at 3:50 PM

The Ulsterman Report calls this a Seven Billion Money Laundering Scheme!

Rovin on July 2, 2013 at 3:29 PM

And, I bet much of it ends up in the pockets of his cousin in Kenya and his cronies.

By the way, Obama toasted the COLOSSAL FAILURE OF A MAOIST, the late (and first) President of Tanzania, Julius Nyerere, who criminalised what he considered to be ‘decadent’ forms of culture such as unapproved movied and mags, soul music, miniskirts, jeans, tight clothing, etc.

Who thinks Nyerere would have been up with Obama’s ‘SSM across Africa’ movement?

Resist We Much on July 2, 2013 at 3:55 PM

We could teach them how to burn their food .

Lucano on July 2, 2013 at 4:02 PM

What an embarrassment – a meddling, narcissistic, never-accomplished-anything-on-my-own, liberal, busybody President who deems himself qualified to tell everyone else how they should do it. President Affirmative Action, indeed. Perhaps the ‘organizer in chief’ can turn Africa into one huge Chicago.

ghostwalker1 on July 2, 2013 at 4:02 PM

Pictures on Thursday showed Mr Obama standing with his wife Michelle at Gorée’s so-called Door of No Return, a dark passageway from where the fort’s human cargo is said to have been loaded via gangplanks onto ships.

However, despite the claims that millions of slaves passed through the door, its most likely use is now thought to have been for disposing of rubbish. Likewise, the waters it overlooks are too rocky and shallow for a slave ship to have used it as a loading bay.

“There are literally no historians who believe the Slave House is what they’re claiming it to be, or that believe Goree was statistically significant in terms of the slave trade,” said Ralph Austen, a professor at the University of Chicago who has researched the subject.

HA HA HA HA HA HA HA HA HA HA HA!

Oh Em Gee!

That’s funny, thanks, Resist

Dr. ZhivBlago on July 2, 2013 at 4:03 PM

What a frackin’ load of crap! Blah blah blah. Obama can talk more and say less than anybody I’ve ever heard. He said everything but his favorite time tested cliché, “Africa punches above its weight”. He clearly identifies more with Africans and muslims than he does with Americans. How much longer must we endure this twit? Will no one break ranks and expose him?

SpiderMike on July 2, 2013 at 4:04 PM

Resist We Much on July 2, 2013 at 3:55 PM

I see a bulk of this money ending up back into the GE coffers—ie “washed”, and then into an Obama account some where offshore.

Rovin on July 2, 2013 at 4:08 PM

Please spend more of my tax dollars on the God forsaken hell hole.

acyl72 on July 2, 2013 at 4:11 PM

OBOZO has “good intentions” !!!!!
HOW STUPID AND NAIVE CAN JOHNSEN GET ?????

TeaPartyNation on July 2, 2013 at 4:18 PM

I see a bulk of this money ending up back into the GE coffers—ie “washed”, and then into an Obama account some where offshore.

Rovin on July 2, 2013 at 4:08 PM

Please spend more of my tax dollars on the God forsaken hell hole.

acyl72 on July 2, 2013 at 4:11 PM

I’m wondering when they’ll be brave enough just to reach into our bank accounts and take what they want.

Thinking the most cynically I can, it could be that a lot of these online thefts that get blamed on “Russian gangsters” could be ops run out of D.C.

Dr. ZhivBlago on July 2, 2013 at 4:21 PM

Does King Barry even know where electricity comes from? Besides out of a wall socket?

GarandFan on July 2, 2013 at 5:04 PM

Why does Barack Obama hate black people?

Why is Barack Obama always working to ‘keep the black man down’?

Why does Barack Obama want Africans to sweat, drive crappy putt-putt cars, and live in a dirt hut like his brother, George?

How did we get an idiot as President that goes to Africa with three goals:

1. Swipe some of Nelson Mandela’s dying light.

2. Wrap himself in the whole Goree inaccuracy.

3. And try to sell windmills, solar panels, and HomoSex to a desperately poor continent that could care less about Ted & Ed’s wedding registry or the international, global swindle of carbon credits.

The dude is a fracking national global galactic FAILURE.

Resist We Much on July 2, 2013 at 3:50 PM

Now this is what I call funny stuff.
Thanks for the Laugh RWM.

DDay on July 2, 2013 at 5:42 PM

“Ultimately, if you think about all the youth that everybody has mentioned here in Africa, if everybody is raising living standards to the point where everybody has got a car and everybody has got air conditioning, and everybody has got a big house, well, the planet will boil over — unless we find new ways of producing energy.” – Obama in Johannesburg, Saturday.

Boil over!
Could this guy be any more embarassing to the office and America?

drowningpuppies on July 2, 2013 at 5:53 PM

Boy it’s a good thing the US is rolling in money, no debt and no poverty here for Obama to give assistance for… oh wait!

Chessplayer on July 2, 2013 at 6:22 PM

It’s just a rehash of the urban renewal projects: the idea that if you give them the trappings of ‘middle class’ then they will actually become middle class. It does nothing to change the mind-set or character of the people who receive this aid, so the aid is mostly wasted.

Middle class is not imposed; it is achieved. Governments and Leftists never seem to understand this.

ss396 on July 2, 2013 at 7:29 PM

Middle class is not imposed; it is achieved. Governments and Leftists never seem to understand this.

ss396 on July 2, 2013 at 7:29 PM

Very astute.

AesopFan on July 3, 2013 at 12:32 AM

There’s a whole lotta pocket lining gonna be goin’ on, starting with sockett balls and ending with Immelt.

Kissmygrits on July 3, 2013 at 8:38 AM